If horses exist in paradise — and what kind of paradise would it really be without any horses — we'd wager that the majority of them are cremellos. Unique and elegant with a pinch of inherent nobility to its appearance, the cremello horse undoubtedly stands out among its equine peers as a thing of beauty.
These extraordinary horses are recognized worldwide for their elegant cream color, blue eyes, white mane and tail, and lack of marks. But did you know that, contrary to popular belief, the cremello is not a distinct breed but rather a color that you can find on horses of any breed? This article will go into everything you need to know about these majestic equine steeds. Continue reading to learn more!
What is a Cremello Horse?
The cremello horse is a purely cream-colored horse with unusually pink skin, a pale white tail and mane, and piercing blue eyes. Put simply, these graceful steeds are one horn short of being real-life unicorns. The name "cremello" is essentially a color, though a horse must possess all these specific physical traits to be a true cremello.
A cremello's color can vary from pale white to pale gold. Cremello horses also have a base color of chestnut, which many people don't know. Depending on the horse's genes, the chestnut gets reduced to a creamy white color.
Are Cremello Colored Horses Rare?
It can be difficult to tell precisely when cremello horses entered the arena. Still, we can assume it was long before recorded history. Cremello horses are considerably rare, so unearthing the truth behind the myths has proven to be quite the challenge.
Cremello horses also do not change their coat color at any stage of their life. Because of this, they are considered by many to be the rarest white horses in the world.
What Do Cremello Horses Look Like?
Cremello horses are known for their white mane and tail, rosy pink skin, and spectacular pale blue eyes. When among the more common dark-colored horse breeds, the cremello will appear as a relatively bright white. But when surrounded by truly white albino horses, their coat will accurately appear more creamy in comparison.
These horses are generally compact, lean, and extremely attractive. Furthermore, the cremello horse can be easily identified by its strong limbs, arched neck, laid-back shoulders, well-defined withers, and expressive face.
Are Cremello Horses Hard to Care For?
Because a cremello isn't one particular breed, there are no health problems specifically tied to them. They will likely have whatever health issues typically affect whatever breed they come from.
The standards of care for a cremello horse are no lower than those of a Clydesdale, a Shetland, or a Palomino. You still need to make sure your horse is on a proper diet and fully vaccinated. You should also follow all standard management practices to keep your horse as healthy as possible.
Do Cremello Horses Sunburn?
Light-colored horses, such as grays, Appaloosas, Paints, Pintos, and horses with bald faces are often susceptible to sunburn. Just as you have likely experienced, prolonged exposure to the sun without protection can lead to varying degrees of sunburn.
A sunburn typically occurs on the muzzle and potentially around the eyes. Cremello and albino horses often get sunburned in other areas as well. Like sunburns on humans, the skin may blister or peel, turn red, and become sensitive to touch.
Common Horse Breeds with Cremello Coloring
The breeds most commonly used for creating cremellos include Quarter Horses, Shetland ponies, draft horses, and Saddlebreds. This is because all of these horses are "chestnuts," which carry the gene needed to create a cremello (often called "the cream gene").
The American Quarter Horse holds its spot as one of the oldest and most popular horse breeds in North America. This breed's reputation likely stems from its many positive qualities, including but not limited to:
- Gentle nature
Quarter Horses are suitable for riders and owners of all levels, as they tend to be easy to train and friendly with people. The Quarter Horse has been used in ranch work, racing, and it is even a popular family pet. Quarter Horses have a sturdy build and come in many colors, with brownish-red being the most common.
If you learned to ride a horse as a kid, there's a relatively high chance that you started on the back of a Shetland pony. Strong and resilient creatures, farmers and various other labor workers use Shetland ponies to plow farmland and pull carts, among other jobs.
While there's no disputing the cute factor of a tiny horse, don't be fooled. These hardy little equine friends are often capable of outworking even the largest draft horse. They were often sent down into coal mines to help miners haul coal during the Industrial Revolution.
They are also popular companions for children, thanks to their gentle disposition and inviting size. Although small, Shetlands are gentle, intelligent, strong, and can even be a bit wily!
The draft horse (sometimes called a carthorse, workhorse, or heavy horse) is a large horse bred to do laborious tasks such as plowing and other farm labor. Draft breeds have varying characteristics, but all share a docile temperament, impressive patience, and truly magnificent strength. These features made them extremely capable workers that were nearly indispensable to several generations of pre-industrial farmers.
Draft horses are versatile creatures, still used today for various purposes, including recreation, logging, shows, farming, and more. They are also commonly used in crossbreeding to create warmblooded sport horses, especially light riding breeds such as the Thoroughbred. "Warmblood" simply means the horse shares characteristics of fiery racehorses (called "hot bloods") and calm heavy breeds ("cold bloods").
While the majority of draft horses are used for driving, nearly anyone can ride them. Some of the lighter draft breeds are quite capable as performers under the saddle.
High-stepping and elegant, the American Saddlebred maintains its reputation as the ultimate show horse. Saddlebreds are a spectacle of glamour and elegance while simultaneously remaining an intense athletic competitor. This breed regularly competes in the four divisions of the show ring:
- Fine Harness
Owners groom their horses to perfection because each division has its own "look" that competitors strive to achieve. Fine harness, show pleasure, and five-gaited horses are typically exhibited with full tails and manes. People often show five-gaited horses with trimmed or roached manes to accentuate the animals' fine, long necks.
How Much Do Cremello Horses Cost?
Cremello horses are not only rare but in high demand. As expected, you will likely have to spend a pretty penny if you want to own one of these angelic equines.
Still, the particular breed you have your eye on will determine the cremello's exact cost. For instance, a Quarter Horse filly could sell for as little as $2,700, while a Lusitano Mare could easily cost upwards of $18,000.
Other factors such as height, conformation, and pedigree may also influence the price of a cremello horse. To ensure that you receive a healthy animal, do your research and buy from a legitimate, reputable breeder.
What is the Difference Between a Perlino and Cremello Horse?
It is important for anyone in the market for a cremello horse to note that these equines are entirely different from perlino and albino horses. Without knowing what to look for, differentiating between these three animals can present a bit of a challenge.
Due to their striking resemblance to the untrained eye, cremello, albino, and perlino horses might as well be the same animal. Nonetheless, they are remarkably different once you know what to look for. But, how do you differentiate cremellos from albinos and perlinos?
The typical cremello horse sports a white tail and mane in addition to a solid, unmarked, cream-colored coat. Moreover, it has blue eyes and a pink nose, and its cream coat covers pink skin.
While their color differences might be minimal, you will notice that a perlino's tail and mane have a distinct reddish hue to them. While the cremello and the perlino possess two cream genes, perlinos have a bay base color instead of the cremello's pink base color.
It is easy to confuse cremellos with albino horses. While people often cite their light coat, pink noses, and blue eyes when referring to a horse as an albino, albino horses are completely white due to their lack of pigment. However, eagle-eyed horse lovers will notice the cremello has a distinct cream shade to its coat, whereas the albino does not.
Final Thoughts - Cremello Horse
The cremello horse may very well be one of the most gorgeous horses you will ever lay eyes on. Majestic blue eyes, an off-white coat, and rosy pink skin make for an elegant and graceful creature that bears a striking resemblance to the beautiful steeds found in fairy tales. Cremello, perlino, and albino horses are nearly identical to each other, but identifying a cremello isn't too difficult once you know what to look for: its mane, tail, and coat are all the same color!
People often buy Cremello horses and raise them as show horses, almost like walking, prestigious trophies. But underneath that creamy off-white coat, these beautiful creatures are just regular horses that require the same amount of care, love, and attention, if not more. You may have to pay a pretty penny for such a rare colored horse, but it's worth every last cent.